EUR: fascist architecture in Rome

The Roman neighbourhood of EUR, in the direction of the sea from the city center, was redesigned  in the late 1930’s to be the venue of the Universal Exhibition of Rome in 1942. The event actually never took place, because in the meantime the World War II had broken out. In fact, even the new layout of EUR was only completed after the war.

Congress Building EURThe layout and architecture of EUR represent typically the architectural ideology of the fascist movement, being based on ancient Greek, Etruscan and Roman models of a city layout.Some of the finest and most typical architectural wonders of EUR are the Palazzo dei Congressi (the Congress Building),the church of the Roman patron saints, Saint Peter and Paul (San Pietro e Paolo) 

palazzo-dell-civilta-italiana.jpgand of course the very symbol of EUR or maybe even of the 20th century Italian architecture in general: the Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana (that is, the “Building of the Italian Civilisation”) the  with its huge, square mass lightened by the rows of arches upon arches…

All these massive stone buildings might appear too heavy if it weren’t for the parks, broad and spacious street layout and big squares, such as the United Nations Square. In the nieghbourhood you can also visit several museums, for example the Museum of Roman Civilization on Via dell’Architettura.

If you’re visiting Rome and have at least a few days available, EUR is definitely not to be missed – after seeing all the ancient monuments of the historical center, comparing them with the achievements of fellow architechts of the same people, just created 2000 millenniums later, can open you a whole new view on it all! Besides, getting toEUR couldn’t be easier: just take the metro line B at Termini and get off at one of the 3 stations in EUR: Palasport, Fermi or Laurentina. For accomodation, you may be more comfortably off in the centre of the city, try this: Hotels in Rome

 

 

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